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History 007A – Spring 2022
Final Examination

The purpose of the final examination essay is for you to craft an essay that brings together all of
the elements (analytical, technical and craft writing) of the course. It is an opportunity to
review your lecture notes, reading notes, primary sources and craft an essay that demonstrates
an understanding of those materials and provides analysis of a historical event or topic.
Remember you must have a clear thesis statement, provide the reader a clear sense of the
direction of the essay and then build out from that foundation.

Choose one of the following prompts and compose a 9-10 page (double-spaced, 12-point font)
essay, due Friday, March 4, 2022 at 11PM via CANVAS submission electronically. The essay
must be in MLA format, including a separate page for sources (if referenced). For guides on
effective writing strategies, see this MLA-based online guide (
papers). Please submit as either a MSWORD or .pdf document.

 Taken together the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution are considered

the foundational documents to American democracy. However, there are other documents
and published speeches that have influenced the flow and direction of democracy in
America. Selecting at least four additional documents published or printed before 1865 and
identify how these documents have had a profound impact on the mind and spirit of the
population in America and possibly overseas.

 There were Americans that thought American independence in 1776 was a monumental

mistake. Without glorifying the position of royalists, analyze and examine the position of
what some historians have estimated as one-third of the politically active population in
1776, as against the goals of the Sons of Liberty. Consider the situation in Europe,
Protestantism verses Catholicism, French alliances with indigenous people, and the
influence of slavery and abolition in your examination of their position. Without taking a
side, explain the Royalist position which was in opposition to the colonial patriots.

 It is often called “the forgotten war” because it isn’t studied much in school. But the War of

1812 played a big role in helping the United States grow up and become more than just a
collection of states. With a detail examination of the reasons Congress and President
Madison declared war on Great Britain on June 12, 1812 explain the goals and policy
achievements they hoped to achieve. Also provide a deeper analysis on how the War of
1812 influenced American domestic and foreign policy long after the Treaty to Ghent was
signed in Belgium.

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 “Slavery, slavery, slavery” is repeated in the majority of lectures in this course. We accept
as students of history that the cause of the U.S. Civil War was slavery, but why is the central
cause and theme of that monumental conflict which killed over 700,000 Americans
minimalized? Why is slavery taught almost as an afterthought by most teachers? Using
your understanding of historical retelling and “the purpose of the past,” offer a thoughtful
reflection on the use or omission of history and how this and other historic events shape
American identity and culture.

 Jolted by the raid by John Brown on Harpers Ferry, the South became convinced that its

entire way of life, based on slave labor was irretrievably threatened by the election to the
presidency of Abraham Lincoln. Was Lincoln’s opposition to spread of slavery into the
Western territories the prime motivation for Southern politicians to support secession and
establishment of the Confederate States of America? In a careful examination of the events
and politicians of the time (1859-1861) explain the cause of the U.S. Civil War.

 The Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson is our nation’s founding text.

It has been referenced as one of the world’s premier statement on justice and citizenship.
However, the document and the writer are full of contradictions. Using research and
material that offers a specific understanding of the colonial world between 1774 and 1777,
examine Jefferson’s understanding of equality and individual liberty. Expand your analysis
to include the Sons of Liberty, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin which may offer additional
insight to Thomas Jefferson’s task to write the “Declaration of the Causes and Necessity to
Taking Up Arms” for the Continental Congress.

 Until the 13th Amendment and the 19th Amendment respectfully, people of color and

women were denied the right to vote and participate as citizens in the Republic. However,
the voices of Black citizens and women were not totally silenced. Offer a thoughtful
analysis of these voices and what they represented and what they were attempting to share
with their world (and our world). Consider including reflections on/about Abigail Adams,
Phillis Wheatley, Lucretia Mott, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet

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