Choose one Neoclassical Art and one Romanticism Art from the list below and write a compare and contrast essay that answers the following questions:

Neoclassical Arts (Choose one):

Antoine-Jean Gros, Napoleon at the Pesthouse at Jaffa, 1804

Jacques-Louis David, Self-Portrait, 1794

Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784

Jacques-Louis David, Death of Marat, 1793

Jacques-Louis David, The Coronation of Napoleon, 1805–1808

Romanticism Arts (Choose one):

Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, The Burial of Atala, 1808

Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, Portrait of Citizen Jean-Baptiste Belley, Ex-Representative of the Colonies, 1797

Jean-August-Dominique Ingres, Grande Odalisque, 1814

Henry Fuseli, The Nightmare, 1781

Francisco Goya, The Family of Charles IV, 1800

Francisco Goya, The Third of May 1808-1814

Francisco Goya, Saturn (Devouring One of His Children), 1819–1823

Theodore Gericault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818–1819

Eugene Delacroix, Death of Sardanapalus, 1826

Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830

John Constable, The Haywain, 1821


1. What are the stylistic similarities and differences between the two artworks?

a. Be sure to analyze the stylistic characteristics of each artwork and any stylistic inspiration from past period styles.

b. Don’t forget to apply art historical vocabulary (from the Glossary) in your analysis.

2. What role does cultural context play in the similarities or differences between these two artworks?

a. Discuss the subject matter of each artwork as well as how the cultural context may have informed the choice of subject matter.

b. In order to understand its cultural significance, you may want to consider who commissioned the artwork and what its intended function was.

Please cite any sources you use in MLA format.

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