As you learned in NR302, before any nursing plan of care or intervention can be implemented or evaluated, the

nurse conducts an assessment, collecting subjective and objective data from an individual. The data collected

are used to determine areas of need or problems to be addressed by the nursing care plan. This assignment will

focus on collecting both subjective and objective data, synthesizing the data, and identifying health and wellness

priorities for the person. The purpose of the assignment is twofold.

1. To recognize the interrelationships of subjective data (physiological, psychosocial, cultural and spiritual

values, and developmental) and objective data (physical examination findings) in planning and

implementing nursing care

2. To reflect on the interactive process that takes place between the nurse and an individual while conducting

a health assessment and a physical examination

Course Outcomes This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes.

CO 1: Explain expected client behaviors while differentiating between normal findings, variations and

abnormalities. (PO1)

CO 2: Utilize prior knowledge of theories and principles of nursing and related disciplines to integrate

clinical judgment in professional decision-making and implementation of nursing process while

obtaining a physical assessment. (POs 4, 8)

CO 3: Recognize the influence that developmental stages have on physical, psychosocial, cultural, and

spiritual functioning. (PO 1)

CO 4: Utilize effective communication when performing a health assessment. (PO 3)

CO 5: Demonstrate beginning skill in performing a complete physical examination using the techniques of inspection,

palpation, percussion, and auscultation. (PO 2

CO 6: Identify teaching/learning needs from the health history of an individual. (POs 2, 5)

CO 7: Explore the professional responsibilities involved in conducting a comprehensive health assessment and providing

appropriate documentation. (PO 6, 7)

Due date Your faculty member will inform you when this assignment is due. The Late Assignment Policy applies to this


Total points possible 100 points

Preparing the assignment

Follow these guidelines when completing this assignment. Speak with your faculty member if you have questions.

1. Complete a health history and physical examination on an individual. Using the following subjective and objective

components, as well as your textbook for explicit details about each category, complete a health history and physical

examination on an individual. You may choose to complete portions of this assignment as you obtain the health

history and perform the physical examination associated with the body systems covered in NR304. The person

interviewed must be 18 years of age or older. Please be sure to avoid the use of any identifiers in preparing the

assignment and follow HIPAA protocols.


a. Students may seek input from the course instructor on securing an individual for this assignment.

b. Avoid the use of client identifiers in the assignment, HIPAA protocols must be utilized.

c. During the lab experiences, you will conduct a series of physical exams that includes the systems listed in

Objective Data below.

d. Refer to the course textbook for detailed components of each system exam.

1) Remember, assessment of the integumentary system is an integral part of the physical exam and should be


NR304_Health_History_and_Physical_Assessment _Guidelines_V7.docx Revised: 6/2021 2

included throughout each system.

e. Keep notes on each part of the health history and physical examination as you complete them so that you can

refer to the notes as you write the paper, particularly the reflection section.

f. Utilize proper medical terminology.

3. Include the following sections, used as section headers within the paper.

a. Health History: Subjective Data (30 points/30% [1-2 paragraphs in length])

1) Demographic data

2) Reason for care

3) Present illness (PQRST of current illness)

4) Perception of health

5) Past medical history (including medications, allergies, and vaccinations and immunizations)

6) Family medical history

7) Review of systems

8) Developmental considerations- use Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development- which stage is your

participant at and give examples of if they have met or not met the milestones for that stage.

9) Cultural considerations- definition, cultural traditions, cultural viewpoints on healing/healers, traditional and

complementary medicine, these are examples but please add more

10) Psychosocial considerations- support systems-family, religious, occupational, community these are examples

but please add more

11) Presence or absence of collaborative resources (community, family, groups, and healthcare system)

b. Physical Examination: Objective Data (30 points/30% [1 paragraph])

1) From NR302

a) HEENT (head, eyes, ears, nose, and throat)

b) Neck (including thyroid and lymph chains)

c) Respiratory system

d) Cardiovascular system

2) From NR304

a) Neurological system

b) Gastrointestinal system

c) Musculoskeletal system

d) Peripheral vascular system

c. Needs Assessment (20 points/20% [2 paragraphs])

1) Based on the health history and physical examination findings, determine at least two health education

needs for the individual. Remember, you may identify an educational topic that is focused on wellness.

2) Support the identified health teaching needs selected with evidence from two current, peer-reviewed

journal articles.

3) Discuss how the interrelationships of physiological, developmental, cultural, and psychosocial considerations

will influence, assist, or become barriers to the effectiveness of the proposed health education.

4) Describe how the individual’s strengths (personal, family, and friends) and collaborative resources (clinical,

community, and health and wellness resources) effect proposed teaching.

d. Reflection (10 points/10% [1 paragraph])

Reflection is used to intentionally examine our thought processes, actions, and behaviors in order to

evaluate outcomes. Provide a written reflection that describes your experience with conducting this

complete health history and physical assessment.

1) Reflect on your interaction with the interviewee holistically.

a) Describe the interaction in its entirety: include the environment, your approach to the individual,

time of day, and other features relevant to therapeutic communication and to the interview process.

2) How did your interaction compare to what you have learned?

3) What barriers to communication did you experience?

a) How did you overcome them?

b) What will you do to overcome them in the future?


NR304_Health_History_and_Physical_Assessment _Guidelines_V7.docx Revised: 6/2021 3

4) What went well with this assignment?

5) Were there unanticipated challenges during this assignment?

6) Was there information you wished you had available but did not?

7) How will you alter your approach next time?

e. Writing Style and Format (10 points/10%)

1) Writing reflects synthesis of information from prior learning applied to completion of the assignment.

2) Grammar and mechanics are free of errors.

3) Able to verbalize thoughts and reasoning clearly.

4) Use appropriate resources and ideas to support topic.

5) Adheres to APA recommendations for title page, running head, headings, in-text citations, and reference


6) HIPAA protocols followed.

For writing assistance (APA, formatting, or grammar) visit the APA Citation and Writing Assistance page in the online


Please note that your instructor may provide you with additional assessments in any form to determine that you fully

understand the concepts learned in the review material.

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